|Meaning: Differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, reference, truth._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Ways of meaning
1 Denotation - 2 Exemplification - 3 Expression - 4 "mediated reference".
sameness of meaning seems to include more than coextensitivity of expressions. But we have not found. intuitive adequate standards for synonymy Since the internal lexicon supposedly contains the meanings of our expressions, the ambiguity surrounding the term of meaning leads to a lack of clarity about what the lexicon finally is to contain.
Often nothing in the consciousness of the speaker determines the extension of his expressions. E.g I can know that "Feynman" and "Gell-Man" are the names of important physicist, but do not know how the one differs from the other._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989