Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Meaning: Differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, reference, truth.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
Cresswell II 56
Meanings / Fodor / Cresswell : FodorVsPutnam : These: meanings are in the head - CresswellVsFodor : problem with the ascription:I will have to have the same representation in the head - it must have the same belief as the one he has - ( see above : meanings are not representations ) -
IV 57
meaning / Quine : not from speaker meaning , not acceptance of inferences of the speaker - the speaker meaning depends on the worldview, and thus of an intention what the words should mean - it can not distinguish between the views the speaker accepted a priori and those he accepted later -- so there are no analytic sentences- there is no epistemic criteria for “true by meaning” -
IV 117
meaning / truth / Davidson : a speaker holds a sentence to be true because of the meaning and because of his belief - so we can not conclude from utterance meaning if we do not know the beliefs of the speaker and we can not do it the other way around -
IV 121
belief ascription / attribution of meaning / Davidson theory: information about the shape of the words , which are held to be true are the decisive evidence for both attributions here - adoption of sincerity alone is not enough to detect meaning - we need information either about his belief - or about the meanings - ( (s) key Passage ) - Fodor / LeporeVsLewis : then the primacy thesis is implausible - (PT : " the conditions of intentional attribution include the conditions for belief ascription " )-

F/L
J. Fodor/E. Lepore
Holism Cambridge USA Oxford UK 1992

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

Cr II
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-23