Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Meaning: Differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, reference, truth.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon
I 116
The utterance of "John will not come" is a reliable sign that I just think that.
I 117
Meaning: Then meanings are mere abstractions from each of the designated expressions of things. (i.e., B = Ref)
But Armstrong: meaning is not the same as reference.
I 117
Theory: utterances of sentences in the communication situation are exactly in the same sense characters as black clouds are a sign of rain.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong

Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996

D. Armstrong
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983

> Counter arguments against Armstrong
> Counter arguments in relation to Meaning

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-06-25