|Statement: once a statement is made the utterer is committed to it. In contrast to this, a sentence can be thought of as a string of symbols that is no statement._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Sentence / statement / Austin: a sentence is made of words, a statement is made with words - we use the same sentence to make various statements - "the statement that S" but the sentence "S" (quotes)
Statement / Austin: No statement: e.g. definition, formula in a calculus, performatorical statements, value judgment, expression in a novel. E.g. "the cat is possibly on the mat" - neither true nor false.
Truth / Austin: "true" is used while talking about statements that are not about sentences. (Strawson ditto)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
|John L. Austin
I Austin Wahrheit in: Wahrheitstheorien Hrsg. Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M 1996
II Jörgen Husted "Austin" aus :Hügli (Hrsg) Philosophie im 20. Jahrhhundert, Reinbek 1993
III Austin: "Ein Plädoyer für Entschuldigungen" aus: Linguistik und Philosophie (Grewendorf/Meggle(Hg)) Frankfurt (Athenäum) 1974/1995