|Statement: once a statement is made the utterer is committed to it. In contrast to this, a sentence can be thought of as a string of symbols that is no statement._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Sentence / statement / Austin: a sentence is made of words, a statement is made with words - we use the same sentence to make various statements - "the statement that S" but the sentence "S" (quotes)
Statement / Austin: No statement: e.g. definition, formula in a calculus, performatorical statements, value judgment, expression in a novel. E.g. "the cat is possibly on the mat" - neither true nor false.
Truth / Austin: "true" is used while talking about statements that are not about sentences. (Strawson ditto)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
John L. Austin
"Truth" in: Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 24 (1950): 111 - 128
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977
John L. Austin
"A Plea for Excuses: The Presidential Address" in: Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 57, Issue 1, 1 June 1957, Pages 1 - 3
Ein Plädoyer für Entschuldigungen
Linguistik und Philosophie, Grewendorf/Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1974/1995