|Expression: phrase, word, formula, or part of a formula. Below the level of sentences, therefore not true or false.|
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Expression/Express/Meixner: expressing something is not referencing - functions can be expressed by unconfirmed expressions - predicate: expresses property, does not denominate it! - Predicate linguistic indicator of universals, more direct than names.
Expression/Denominating/Meixner: Facts are expressed by sentences and denominated by that-sentences (subordinate clauses).
Expressions/Expressing/Meixner: sentences can express something that is not in line with their meaning, e.g. "the sentence on page n line 1 is wrong ...".
Expressing: sentence expresses both a proposition and a fact (if it expresses something different from its meaning) - proposition: content of the sentence - fact: is unambiguously determined by this sentence content (proposition).
Expressing: concepts such as universals through predicates - fulfillment: concepts are fulfilled by entities - exemplification: universals by entities - instantiating/instantiation: concepts and universals by entities (inverse to instantiation: concepts and universals apply to entities)
Expression/Expressing: Predicates express concepts or properties (universals). - concepts do not express anything, universals do not express anything, properties express nothing, they are expressed - sentence: expresses proposition or fact - fact, proposition: express nothing, they are expressed - e.g. "author of Waverley", "the person who is identical with Scott" do not express the same universal singularisation, but they do denominate the same individual. - E.g. "brother of..."/"only brother of": ((s) can apply to the same individual, or "only" to none.)
Einführung in die Ontologie Darmstadt 2004