Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Expression: phrase, word, formula, or part of a formula. Below the level of sentences, therefore not true or false.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Books on Amazon
I 25
Exemplification and expression/Goodman: point in the same direction, which is exactly opposite the denotation (name). (Denotation belongs more to saying and writing).
I 60
For the direct quote both are important: naming and including.
Each expression is a paraphrase of itself.
III 55ff
Definition "expressions"/Goodman: here first reference to a sense or another property. Not to their presence! One can also express emotions that one does not have. Expression: feeling, representation: Object or event.
III 58
The gray image, does not denote the color gray, but is denoted by the predicate "gray".
III 59
Not every exemplification is expression but each expression is exemplification.
III 60
Definition exemplification is ownership plus reference. (The ostension is missing reference).
III 61
A figure which exemplifies the triangularity, exemplifies not always tripartite! Although it is three-sided. - Also language dependent: "rouge" does not exemplify "red"!
III 88
Definition what is expressed, is exemplified metaphorically.
III 92
While almost everything can denote almost everything else or even represent, a thing can only express what belongs to it, but not what originally belonged to it. (E.g. glue factory). Ultimately a matter of habit.
III 94
Name a feature and express it are two different things. And a poem or a story does not need to express what she or it says, or to say what it expresses.
III 94
Definition exemplification relates the symbol to a label, which it denotes.
III 96
Definition expression: relates the symbol to a label which it denotes metaphorically and by that not only indirectly on the metaphorical but also onto the literal area of this label.
Conclusion: When a expresses b then
1. a owns b or is denoted by it
2. This possession or this denotation is metaphorical
3. a refers to b.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

N. Goodman
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984

N. Goodman
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988

N. Goodman
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997

N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-24