Dictionary of Arguments

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Slater I 78
Imitation/Animal studies/Slater: it is used to be thought that imitation was limited to humans, but recent research has demonstrated that newborn chimpanzees and some species of monkeys also imitate, in these instances when the modeled gestures are produced by an adult human model.
Myowa-Yamakoshi, Tomonga, Tanaka, and Matsuzawa (1004)(1) reported that two chimpanzees who were reared with their mother “at less than 7 days of age…could discriminate between, and imitate, human facial gestures (tong protrusion and moth opening)” (p. 437) and with a lager sample of five neonatal chimpanzees also tongue clicking (Bard, 2007)(2).
See also Ferrari et al. 2006)(3), Paukner, Suomi, Visalberghi, & Ferrari, 2009)(4)
The evidence points towards the conclusion that the capacity for imitation is present at birth. >Mirror neurons/psychological theories.


1. Myowa-Yamakoshi, M., Tomonga, M., Tanaka,M. and Matsuzawa T.(2004). Imitation in neonatal chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Dvelopmental Science, 7, 437-442
2. Bard, K. A. (2007). Neonatal uimitation in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) tested with two paradigms. Animal Cognition, 10, 233-242
3. Ferrari, P.F., Visalberghi, E., Paukner, A., Fogassi, L. Ruggiero, A. , & Suomi, S. J. (2006). Plos Biology, 4 1501-1508
4. Paukner, A., Suomi, S., Visalberghi, E., & Ferrari, P.F. (2009). Capuchin monkeys display affiliation toward humans who imitate them. Science, 325, 880-883


Alan M. Slater, “Imitation in Infancy. Revisiting Meltzoff and Moore’s (1977) Study”, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Animal Studies
Slater I
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-04-18
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