|Atomism (philosophy, logic): the assumption that the facts can be represented by elementary sentences. Thus the question of the independence of facts is raised._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
VsAtomism/Atom-less Mereology/Simons: here we need a basis instead: i.e. the objects that fall under the basic predicate. - E.g. in the atom-free system, which consists of all regular subsets of real numbers, the open intervals with rational endpoints form a base. - Several bases are possible. - E.g. the open regular sets in the Euclidean plane can have open circular disks with rational centers and rational radii as base - or e.g. open squares, etc. - practically every predicate is possible - provides a simpler identity criterion - even works in atomism. - Basis: e.g. cells are basis for organisms, e.g. functional parts form the basis of a machine.
Monism/Simons: no coincidence that he emphasizes interconnectedness and dependence more - this leads to - the "Absolute", the One True Substance. (>Substance/Hegel). - Atomism: stresses disconnectedness and independence - leads to a mere sum ("total") of small independent objects (>World/Leibniz, >World/Wittgenstein)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Parts. A Study in Ontology Oxford New York 1987