|Atom: in philosophy indivisible, possibly only assumed object. Not empirical, but argumentative._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Individuals may be no atoms. - Atoms would all be identical because they have the same parts (i.e. none).
Atomless/Mereology: e.g. the open sets of a Euclidean space - deep question: whether the mereology is atomistic or atomless. - Atomless: E.g. continua in the space-time, space time regions, etc. - mathematically: discrete - but not perceptual.
Atomless mereology: points, lines, etc. are not part of specific individuals (bodies, "events", etc.) in which they lie. - (Aristotle, Whitehead)
Phenomena/Leibniz: are atomless - monads: atoms = Atomism/Mereology/Simons: an individual is part of another iff. all the atoms of the first are atoms of the second. - (Instead SSP) -> identity condition for individuals: if they have the same atoms._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Parts. A Study in Ontology Oxford New York 1987