Dictionary of Arguments

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A priori: something that we can know without prior (empirical) investigation. Is the inventory of a priori certainties purely logical? Is a priori knowledge always necessary?

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
II 96
A Priori/Wittgenstein: that would have to be a set whose meaning guaranteed its truth - but the meaning requires that we verify the sentence - ((s) verificationism: can then not accept analytic truths).
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II 96/97
A Priori/Wittgenstein: expressions that look a priori must be explained - the same expression can be a sentence or a hypothesis - thus, the same expression may be equation or hypothesis - equation: necessary - in visual space, it is a priori that an equilateral triangle is equiangular - you cannot see one without seeing the other - physical space: here not a priori, because the triangle may be inclined.
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II 98
A Priori/Seeming/Appearing/Wittgenstein: "This chair looks green" here, our certainty is of logical nature and a priori.
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III 233
A Priori/Necessity/Wittgenstein/Late/Pile: he does not concede the a priori grammatical sentences a form of absolute necessity.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

W II
L. Wittgenstein
Wittgenstein’s Lectures 1930-32, from the notes of John King and Desmond Lee, Oxford 1980
German Edition:
Vorlesungen 1930-35 Frankfurt 1989

W III
L. Wittgenstein
The Blue and Brown Books (BB), Oxford 1958
German Edition:
Das Blaue Buch - Eine Philosophische Betrachtung Frankfurt 1984

W IV
L. Wittgenstein
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (TLP), 1922, C.K. Ogden (trans.), London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Originally published as “Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung”, in Annalen der Naturphilosophische, XIV (3/4), 1921.
German Edition:
Tractatus logico-philosophicus Frankfurt/M 1960


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-12-14
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