|Antirealism: (Michael Dummett) the thesis that it has to be possible to be shown through behavior that alternatives to an assumed fact could make a difference. In the case of undecidable sentences such as the number of geese on the Capitol this is not possible._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Anti-Realism/Dummett/Habermas: in many cases the knowledge of the truth conditions that make a statement come true is problematic.
Solution/Dummett: we must distinguish between truth conditions and claimability conditions. We must be able to indicate a procedure by which the truth of a statement could be established. (1)
Habermas: understanding then includes the ability to give reasons with which the claim that the truth conditions are fulfilled could be redeemed. The theory thus explains the meaning of a sentence only indirectly with the knowledge of the conditions of validity and directly with the knowledge of reasons for the redemption of a truth claim.
Dummett/Habermas: the speaker could not carry out the verification monologically in order to avoid the transition from the semantic to the pragmatic level.
Problem: verification cannot be performed deductively according to final rules. The set of available reasons is described by internal relationships of a universe of linguistic structures that can only be measured by argument. In the end, the idea of verificationism must be completely abandoned.
HabermasVsDummett: it would be more consistent not to commit oneself either to falsificationist or to verificationist ideas. Instead, the discursive redemption of claims of validity should be interpreted fallibilistically. What is important is that the speaker's illocutionary claim can be criticized.
1.M. Dummett, What is a Theory of Meaning? In: G. Evans, J. McDowell (Eds) Truth and Meaning, Oxford 1976, (EMD) S. 67ff._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981