|Anthropic Principle: the justification of the observability of the universe by properties that correspond to the observer. In this form, the principle is not about the existence of the universe and the observer, but about necessary properties._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Anthropic Principle/Freeman Dyson(1): "I am not saying the structure of the universe proves the existence of God, but He is compatible with the hypothesis that the spirit plays a crucial role for its functioning.
Anthropic Principle/Dennett: In its "weak form" it is harmless. It is an occasionally useful application of elementary logic: if x is a necessary condition for the existence of y, and if y exists, then x exists as well.
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DennettVsAnthropic Principle: "Strong Form": false use of "must": "If physical structures depend on larger molecules, then they must exist, because we exist.
Correct instead: It must be the case that: if consciousness depends on ..., then there are such elements in the world, because we have a consciousness.
The conclusion to which one is entitled only says that there are such elements, not that there have to be.
1. Dyson, Freeman, 1979. Disturbing the Universe. New York: Harper & Row._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Darwin’s Dangerous Idea, New York 1995
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997
Kinds of Minds, New York 1996
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999
"COG: Steps towards consciousness in robots"
Bewusstein, Thomas Metzinger, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1996
"Animal Consciousness. What Matters and Why?", in: D. C. Dennett, Brainchildren. Essays on Designing Minds, Cambridge/MA 1998, pp. 337-350
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005