|Analytic/synthetic: achieved by decomposition or by composition. In philosophy analytically true = true according to the meaning of the components - synthetic insight = substantial expansion of knowledge._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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|Me I 27
analytical / Kant/ Menne: analytical judgment: so narrow that most of the mathematics and logic already falls in the area of synthetic judgment.
Sai IV 271
analytic / synthetic: error: There are invalid arguments whose premises are analytical, but their conclusion is synthetic.
E.g. "Whatever will be, will be." The wrong conclusion is drawn that the future is preordained! (> Determinism)
E.g. "business is business" - From this the synthetic judgment is concluded that business was not moral._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Me I Albert Menne Folgerichtig Denken Darmstadt 1988
HH II Hoyningen-Huene Formale Logik, Stuttgart 1998
Re III Stephen Read Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997
Sal IV Wesley C. Salmon Logik Stuttgart 1983
Sai V R.M.Sainsbury Paradoxien Stuttgart 2001