Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Analogy: formal parallelism. Intends show that from a similar case, similar conclusions can be drawn.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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I 94
Analogy/Duhem/Cartwright: It is a raw fact that some things sometimes behave like certain other things - that gives us indications- Explanation/Duhem: provides a scheme for these indications - Unification: is fictitious - it is intended to simplify the theory - E.g. Maxwell treated light and electricity as the same.
I 111
Analogy/RussellVsAnalogy: the principle "same cause, same effect" is futile - if the antecedent (the circumstances represents) is accurate enough, the same case will never happen again -> per fundamental laws.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Car I
N. Cartwright
How the laws of physics lie Oxford New York 1983


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-24