Dictionary of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
Corr I 477
Affects/Social Cognition/Shoda/Smith: Early information-processing models developed within cognitive psychology focused on ‘cool cognitions’, such as facts and propositions processed in a logical fashion.
These models changed as it became clear that affects, or emotions, profoundly influence many aspects of behaviour, including how stimuli are encoded and the expectancies that are evoked by situational cues (Forgas 1995)(1).
Cognitions about the self and one’s future are inherently affect laden, or ‘hot’ (Shoda and Mischel 1998)(2). Moreover, affective responses can influence a wide range of behaviours, including evaluative responses and social behaviour, in a pre-conscious fashion that occurs automatically and outside of awareness (Gollwitzer and Bargh 1996)(3).
Shoda/Smith: Emotions also affect other CAPS (Cognitive-affective processing system) components. >Encoding/Shoda/Smith, >Social Cognition/Shoda/Smith.
Anxiety, for example, can significantly lower outcome expectancies in performance situations (Smith 2006)(4). >Control processes/Shoda/Smith.


1. Forgas, J. P. 1995. Mood and judgment: the affect-infusion model (AIM), Psychological Bulletin 117: 39–66
2. Shoda, Y. and Mischel, W. 1998. Personality as a stable cognitive-affective activation network: characteristic patterns of behaviour variation emerge from a stable personality structure, in S. J. Read and L. C. Miller (eds.), Connectionist and PDP models of social reasoning and social behaviour, pp. 175–208. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum
3. Gollwitzer, P. M. and Bargh, J. A. (eds.) 1996.The psychology of action: linking motivation and cognition to behaviour. New York: Guilford Press
4. Smith, R. E. 2006. Understanding sport behavior: a cognitive-affective processing systems approach, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology 18: 1–27


Ronald E. Smith and Yuichi Shoda, “Personality as a cognitive-affective processing system“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

EconSmith I
Adam Smith
The Theory of Moral Sentiments London 2010

EconSmithV I
Vernon L. Smith
Rationality in Economics: Constructivist and Ecological Forms Cambridge 2009

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-03-25
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