Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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General Term: a word that does not single out individuals, but sets of objects which are determined by characteristics - contrast singular term. There are problems in relation to universals and reference.
 
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I 102
Distinction singular/general term: independent from stimulus meaning - Name or general term for space-time segments: same stimulus meaning ("rabbitness").
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I 212
Difference verb/noun/adjective: less important - difference singular term/general term is very important.
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I 212
Abstract terms: alleged names of properties - "roundness": "F"/"round": "a" in "Fa" - should not be used carelessly without metaphysical determination - is thereby unbinding - each abstract singular term provides an abstract general term.
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V 102
General term/Quine: E.g. has one more degree of freedom: can be different dogs - Fido: has only one degree of freedom - ((s) sooner or later).
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V 123
General term/Quine: E.g. animal, dog, body, built-in individuation - "general term: true - singular term: denominator function of particular." Problem: are learned as observation sentences - no reference on objects but return of mom is the return of a circumstance -" therefore reference by general term because of individuation: singular term does not individuate - wrong: This is a Fido.
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V 125
Individuation/general term/Quine: square is an individuating word - "(s) Fido, not: E.g. This is a Fido.
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V 125
a) General term: E.g. -Square- in -This is a square- and E.g. -This is the same square as that one- b) singular term: E.g. -The square is a form - ((s) here, form is the general term; predication must always combine a singular term and a general term) - language-bound: E.g. Red is a color (general term) - object-bound: E.g. -The square is a form: just like E.g. Fido is a dog (singular term).
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V 126
Singular term/general term/Platonism/universalia/language acquisition/Quine: E.g. A dog is an animal - problem: different dogs are different animals - on the other hand, the square is a form says something about a single form, just like - "E.g. Fido is a dog" (s) otherwise you would need two universalia: dogness and animality - platonistic/Quine: The dog is numerous.
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VII 70
General term/Quine: "Red" and "River" are similar - but places are only conceptually connected with color, not like the parts of the river - this is not a question of abstractness - No "name" of any separated entity (as "attribute", "squareness") - general term in everyday language is often like a name - with "square" much like singular term (because of pointing) - with "red" no difference to singular term - general term: 1) showing does not assume identity from occasion to occasion (unlike the case with the singular term) - 2) The general term is not a name of any separated entity.
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VII 77
General term/Quine: is indispensable - probably originated from reaction similarity - to understand it one needs the operator "class of" or "-ness" - missing these operators was the reason to assume "abstract entities".
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VII 107 f
General term: E.g. "is a whale" or "can swim": may be regarded as names of classes - predicates: if they denote classes, they can be considered in a way that they have properties as their meaning. (Church).

Q I
W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

Q II
W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

Q III
W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

Q IX
W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

Q V
W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

Q VI
W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

Q VII
W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

Q VIII
W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Q X
W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

Q XII
W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003


> Counter arguments against Quine
> Counter arguments in relation to General Terms



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-26