Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Absolute: something that is not dependent on conditions. Question is there absolute rest, absolute speed? - Antonym to relative.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
III 48
Absolute Point of Rest/Newton/Field: he considers it possible and necessary to define absolute acceleration (bucket experiment). - Absolute Acceleration/Newton: uses the laws of mechanics for explanation - acceleration can only be explained by absolute speed. - For this we need an absolute point of rest. - FieldVs: that does not work, because the theory itself cannot pick out a reference system.
III 49
MachVsNewton: theory change, does not need a resting point. - FieldVsMach/FieldVsTheory Change: better: define acceleration without numerical speed and resting point. - Faber: FieldVsTensors: they are arbitrary. - Solution/Field: simultaneity. - Point: sameness of place over time is absolute rest! - Vs: that does not work within Newton's theory! - Solution: concept of space without structure (intrinsic). - Solution: >affine geometry - (this also for Newton).
- - -
IV 419
Relativism/Absolute/Field: statements about justification relative to a system are absolutely true or false.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Field I
H. Field
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989

Field II
H. Field
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001

Field III
H. Field
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980

Field IV
Hartry Field
"Realism and Relativism", The Journal of Philosophy, 76 (1982), pp. 553-67
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-07-23
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