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Arousal/Cognitive Science/Matthews: Cognitive scienceVsArousal theory: The hope of the early psychobiologists (e.g., Eysenck 1967)(1) that a small number of arousal mechanisms might explain personality effects in all their diversity has not been fulfilled. It appears that personality is distributed across an extensive set of mechanisms. I have proposed previously (e.g., Matthews 2000(2), 2008a(3)) that the various types of effect may be differentiated within a cognitive science framework that allows for three qualitatively different levels of explanation (Pylyshyn 1999(4)). >Explanation//Cognitive/Science.
1. Eysenck, H. J. 1967. The biological basis of personality. Springfield, IL: Thomas
2. Matthews, G. 2000. A cognitive science critique of biological theories of personality traits, History and Philosophy of Psychology 2: 1–17
3. Matthews, G. 2008a. Personality and information processing: a cognitive-adaptive theory, in G. J. Boyle, G. Matthews and D. H. Saklofske (eds.), Handbook of personality theory and testing, vol. I, Personality theories and models, pp. 56–79. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
4. Pylyshyn, Z. W. 1999. What’s in your mind?, in E. Lepore and Z. W. Pylyshyn (eds.), What is cognitive science?, pp. 1–25. Oxford: Blackwell
Gerald Matthews, „ Personality and performance: cognitive processes and models“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009