Dictionary of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
Corr I 412
Anxiety/memory/cognitive psychology/Matthews: Russo et al.(2006)(1) predicted that anxiety would affect memory bias on a free recall test, following incidental learning using a ‘shallow’ encoding; i.e., an attentional task (the Stroop task) in which subjects aimed to ignore word meaning.
The prediction was confirmed; anxious subjects recalled more threat-related words than did those individuals low in anxiety. There was no effect of anxiety on recall of neutral words. As Russo et al. (2006)(1) suggest, heightened attention to threatening material may in some cases lead to subsequent memory bias.


1. Russo, R., Whittuck, D., Roberson, D., Dutton, K., Georgiou, G. and Fox, E. 2006. Mood-congruent free recall bias in anxious individuals is not a consequence of response bias, Memory 14: 393–9


Gerald Matthews, „ Personality and performance: cognitive processes and models“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Matthews, Gerald
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-05-21
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