|Attribute (philosophy): word for an ascribed property (i.e. habitually associated with an object). Not identical with the property._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Corr I 380
Attributes/Person/Saucier: Attributes [of a person] are labelled variously as traits, or characteristics, or qualities – whether of personality, of character, or of temperament. In English usage the term ‘personality’ is the broader concept; character attributes tend to be those associated with volition and morality, whereas temperament attributes tend to be associated with emotional, attentional and motor activity and reactivity (Rothbart and Bates 1998)(1).
One approach to defining personality focuses on attributes. In this approach, personality is a particular set of predications, that is, statements about a subject or entity. Person-description is predication where the entity is a person, and both trait descriptors and situation descriptors are predicates. [There is a] continuum of predicate types ranging from the most static to the most dynamic.
Corr I 381
As properties, personality attributes are qualities of a human entity, more mutable than category memberships, yet less transitory and dynamic than states, processes and actions. Personality attributes are usefully compared to the physical properties of colour. Colours likewise denote attributes without indicating the essential category-defining nature of an entity. >Personality/Saucier.
1. Rothbart, M. K. and Bates, J. E. 1998. Temperament, in W. Damon (Series ed.) and N. Eisenberg (Vol. ed.), Handbook of child psychology, vol. III, Social, emotional and personality development, 5th edn, pp. 105–76. New York: Wiley
Gerard Saucier, „Semantic and linguistic aspects of personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009