|Corr I 358
Learning Theory/Gray: Gray’s (1975)(1) Elements of a two-process theory of learning fully embodied [the tradition of Hull] (see Learning Theory/Hull, Hull 1952(2)) in personality psychology.
Hull: reduced all forms of motivationally-salient reinforcement to a single process of ‘drive-reduction’; as noted by Gray (1975(1), p. 25), the ‘Hullian concept of general drive, to the extent that it is viable, does not differ in any important respects from that of arousal’.
On the real nervous system side of the coin, the conceptual nervous system work was strengthened by neurophysiological findings pointing to specific emotion centres in the brain (e.g., the ‘pleasure centres’; Olds and Milner 1954(3); see Corr 2006(4)). >Emotions/Gray.
1. Gray, J. A. 1975. Elements of a two-process theory of learning. London: Academic Press
2. Hull, C. L. 1952. A behaviour system. New Haven: Yale University Press
3. Olds, J. and Milner, P. 1954. Positive reinforcement produced by electrical stimulation of septal area and other regions of rat brain, Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 47: 419–27
4. Corr, P. J. 2006. Understanding biological psychology. Oxford: Blackwell
Philip J. Corr, „ The Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory of Personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Gray, Jeffrey A.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009