|Corr I 315
Agreeableness/Neuroimaging/Canli: Agreeableness can be viewed as a trait associated with affective processing (readers interested in Impulsivity are referred to Congdon and Canli (2005)(1)). For example, Agreeableness is associated with greater effort to regulate negative affect (Tobin, Graziano, Vanman et al. 2000)(2). This tendency to minimize negative affect is even on display in implicit processing paradigms, suggesting that the regulation of negative affect can be automatic (Meier, Robinson and Wilkowski 2006)(3).
One key region appears to be the right lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC) in the conscious regulation of negative affect (Ochsner, Knierim, Ludlow et al. 2004(4)). However, it was unknown whether this region also activates during implicit emotion regulation, and whether it does so as a function of Agreeableness. We tested this hypothesis using the standard gender discrimination emotional face processing task (Haas, Omura et al. 2007b)(5).
1. Congdon, E. and Canli, T. 2005. The endophenotype of impulsivity: reaching consilience through behavioural, genetic, and neuroimaging approaches. Behavioural and Cognitive Neuroscience Review 4: 262–81
2. Tobin, R. M., Graziano, G., Vanman, E. J. et al. 2000. Personality, emotional experience, and efforts to control emotions, Journal of Personal and Social Psychology 79: 656–69
3, Meier, B. P., Robinson, M. D. and Wilkowski, B. M. 2006. Turning the other cheek: Agreeableness and the regulation of aggression-related primes, Psychological Science 17: 136–42
4. Ochsner, K. N., Knierim, K., Ludlow, D. H. et al. 2004. Reflecting upon feelings: an fMRI study of neural systems supporting the attribution of emotion to self and other, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 16: 1746–72
5. Haas, B. W., K. Omura, et al. 2007b. Is automatic Haas, B. W., K. Omura, et al. 2007b. Is automatic emotion regulation associated with agreeableness? A perspective using a social neuroscience approach, Psychological Science 18: 130–2
Turhan Canlı,“Neuroimaging of personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009