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Animal studies/behavior/ethology/Gosling: Animal studies afford four major benefits over human research.
(1) animal studies allow greater experimental control and facilitate more extensive experimental manipulations than is possible in studies of humans.
(2) observations of animals can be made in far greater detail and for more extensive periods than is possible for humans.
(3) the accelerated life history of many species means that longitudinal studies can be conducted in substantially shorter periods than possible with humans.
(4) for many species it is possible to obtain detailed quantitative and molecular genetic information and to conduct transgenic, knock-out and cloning studies (Gosling and Mollaghan 2006(1)).
Ultimately animal studies can be used to test specific hypotheses that, with humans, must often rely on sub-optimal designs. To illustrate, consider John Capitanio’s research programme, which for over a decade has been accruing personality data on over 175 rhesus monkeys (see Weinstein, Capitanio and Gosling 2008(2), for description of this research programme).
1. Gosling, S. D. and Mollaghan, D. M. 2006. Animal research in social psychology: a bridge to functional genomics and other unique research opportunities, in P. A. M. van Lange (ed.), Bridging social psychology: benefits of transdisciplinary approaches, pp.123-8, Mahne NJ: Erlbaum
2. Weinstein, T. A. R., Capitanio, J. P. and Gosling, S. D. 2008. Personality in animals, in O. P. John, R. W. Robins and L. A. Pervin (eds.), Handbook of personality theory and research, pp. 328–48. New York: Guilford Press
Samuel D. Gosling and B. Austin Harley, „Animal models of personality and cross-species comparisons“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.)2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Gosling, Samuel D.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009