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Animal Models/Behavioral Ecology/Gosling: Researchers in psychology tend to use animal modes to understand the biological and environmental bases of personality (e.g., Ray, Hansen and Waters 2006(1); Willis-Owen and Flint 2007(2) and the implications of various personality traits (e.g., Capitanio, Mendoza and Baroncelli 1999(3); Pederson, King and Landau 2005(4)). Compared with human studies, animal studies afford greater experimental control of both environmental and genetic factors, as well as greater ability to manipulate independent variables and assess dependent variables (Gosling 2001(5); Mehta and Gosling 2006(6); Vazire and Gosling 2003(7)). >Animal Studies.
1. Ray, J., Hansen, S. and Waters, N. 2006. Links between temperamental dimensions and brain monoamines in the rat, Behavioural Neuroscience 120: 85–92
2. Willis-Owen, S. A. G. and Flint, J. 2007. Identifying the genetic determinants of emotionality in humans: insights from rodents, Neuroscience and Biobehavioural Reviews 31: 115–24
3. Capitanio, J. P., Mendoza, S. P. and Baroncelli, S. 1999. The relationship of personality dimensions in adult male rhesus macaques to progression of Simian Immunodeficiency Virus disease, Brain, Behaviour, and Immunity 13: 138–54
4. Pederson, A. K., King, J. E. and Landau, V. I. 2005. Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) personality predicts behaviour, Journal of Research in Personality 39: 534–49
5. Gosling, S. D. 2001. From mice to men: what can we learn about personality from animal research?, Psychological Bulletin 127: 45–86
6. Mehta, P. H. and Gosling, S. D. 2006. How can animal studies contribute to research on the biological bases of personality?, in T. Canli (ed.), Biology of personality and individual differences, pp. 427–48. New York: Guilford
7. Vazire, S. and Gosling, S. D. 2003. Bridging psychology and biology with animal research, American Psychologist 5: 407–8
Samuel D. Gosling and B. Austin Harley, “Animal models of personality and cross-species comparisons”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009