Dictionary of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
Corr I 280
Personality traits/animals/ethology/Gosling: Commonly studied personality traits include: exploration, boldness, fearfulness, aggression, general activity, emotionality, confidence and timidity. To get a better idea of which traits emerge in structural analyses of personality Gosling and John (1999)(1) reviewed nineteen factor analytic studies across twelve non-human species. They used the Five-Factor Model (FFM) plus Dominance and Activity as an organizing framework for the findings. The FFM dimensions of Extraversion, Neuroticism and Agreeableness showed considerable generality across the twelve species included in their review. >Five-Factor Model, >Agreeableness, >Neuroticism, >Extraversion, >Personality traits/psychological theories.


1.Gosling, S. D. and John, O. P. 1999. Personality dimensions in non-human animals: a cross-species review, Current Directions in Psychological Science 8: 69–75



Samuel D. Gosling and B. Austin Harley, „Animal models of personality and cross-species comparisons“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.)2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Gosling, Samuel D.
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-04-26
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