|Corr I 250
Psychological pain/attachment theory/Shaver/Mikulincer: According to Mikulincer, Shaver and Pereg (2003)(1), the pain caused by the unavailability of attachment figures in times of need can be experienced in different ways and result in different kinds of fears and defences. Mikulincer, Gillath, Sapir-Lavid et al. (2003)(2) described two kinds of psychological pain:
(a) the distress caused by failing to achieve or maintain proximity to an attachment figure, and
(b) the sense of helplessness caused by ineffective co-regulation of distress and the appraisal of oneself as alone and vulnerable. >State of mind/attachment theory.
1. Mikulincer, M., Shaver, P. R. and Pereg, D. 2003. Attachment theory and affect regulation: the dynamics, development, and cognitive consequences of attachment-related strategies, Motivation and Emotion 27: 77–102
2. Mikulincer, M., Gillath, O., Sapir-Lavid, Y., Yaakobi, E., Arias, K., Tal-Aloni, L. and Bor, G. 2003. Attachment theory and concern for others’ welfare: evidence that activation of the sense of secure base promotes endorsement of self-transcendence values, Basic and Applied Social Psychology 25: 299–312
Phillip R. Shaver and Mario Mikulincer, “Developmental, psychodynamic and optimal-functioning aspects”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009