Dictionary of Arguments

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Corr I 168
Extraversion/intelligence/Ackerman: The associations between Extraversion and intellectual abilities, and Conscientiousness and intellectual abilities appear to be of a negligible magnitude. Small positive correlations between these traits and abilities are found as often as small negative correlations. However, it is important to keep in mind a central issue with respect to these two personality traits that differs from either the intelligence-related personality constructs or even Neuroticism. That is, what one considers to be ‘normal’ or optimal is not found at one end of the continuum of the traits, but rather somewhere near the middle. >Neuroticism/intelligence/Ackerman.
Theorists who have asserted that individuals who are neither too high nor too low on such traits are optimally adjusted (see e.g., Robinson 1989(1); though cf., Matthews 1985(2) for a differing view (personality traits/MatthewsVsRobinson), have hypothesized that linear correlations are not appropriate measures to assess the relationship between the personality traits and intellectual abilities.


1. Robinson, D. L. 1989. The neurophysiological bases of high IQ, International Journal of Neuroscience 46: 209–34
2. Matthews, G. 1985. The effects of extraversion and arousal on intelligence test performance, British Journal of Psychology 76: 479–93


Phillip L. Ackerman, “Personality and intelligence”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Ackerman, Phillip L.
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-02-17
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