Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
Corr I 165
Personality traits/intelligence/Ackerman: there is no equivalent ‘general personality trait’ that exists in parallel to general intelligence, >Intelligence/psychological theories.
The lack of a clear hierarchy of traits with positive manifold means that one must take account of the level of analysis when considering the most likely sources of overlap between personality traits and intellectual abilities. If a narrow personality trait is selected, it may not provide a suitable basis for mapping to a general intellectual ability construct, and if a more general personality trait is selected, it might have only a small relationship with a narrow construct of intellectual ability. Most of the basis for explication of the specific associations between personality traits and intellectual abilities is drawn from a meta-analysis of 135 studies containing a total of roughly 2,000 separate correlations (Ackerman and Heggestad 1997)(1).
I 166
Personality traits that share construct overlap with intelligence: Openness to Experience (Costa and McCrae 1992)(2), Culture, Intellectance (e.g., Welsh 1975(3)), and Intellectual Efficiency (Gough 1953)(4).
Corr I 167
Def TIE/Ackerman: a measure of Typical Intellectual Engagement: TIE is defined as the individual’s preference toward or away from intellectual activities.(Goff and Ackerman 1992)(5). The authors of the TIE hypothesized that scores on the measure would correlate mainly with measures of accumulated knowledge (an ability called ‘crystallized intelligence’) and less so with measures of fluid intellectual abilities (e.g., deductive reasoning and quantitative reasoning).


1. Ackerman, P. L. and Heggestad, E. D. 1997. Intelligence, personality, and interests: evidence for overlapping traits, Psychological Bulletin 121: 219–45
2. Costa, P. T., Jr and McCrae, R. R. 1992. Four ways five factors are basic, Personality and Individual Differences 13: 653–65
3. Welsh, G. S. 1975. Creativity and intelligence: a personality approach. Chapel Hill, NC: Institute for Research in Social Science
4. Gough, H. G. 1953. A nonintellectual intelligence test, Journal of Consulting Psychology 17: 242–6
5. Goff, M. and Ackerman, P. L. 1992. Personality-intelligence relations: assessing typical intellectual engagement, Journal of Educational Psychology 84: 537–52


Phillip L. Ackerman, “Personality and intelligence”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Ackerman, Phillip L.
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-07-20
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