|Corr I 162
Abilities/psychological theories/Ackerman: the traditional goal of personality assessment is to determine how an individual would behave when there is little or no environmental press on his/her behaviour (i.e., weak situations).
Intelligence: Intellectual abilities, on the other hand, are traditionally assessed under ‘maximal’ performance conditions. (Ackerman 1996)(1).
In some cases, the test situation may lead to anxiety or subjective distress because the press is so strong that it may distract the individual from performing his/her best. Ultimately the goal of ability assessment is not to determine how the individual behaves when there is no environmental press, but rather to determine the limits of the individual’s performance if he/she is trying as hard as possible to succeed. >Intelligence/psychological theories, >Personality traits/Ackerman.
1. Ackerman, P. L.1996. A theory of adult intellectual development: process, personality, interests, and knowledge, Intelligence 22: 229–59
Phillip L. Ackerman, “Personality and intelligence”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Ackerman, Phillip L.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009