|Corr I 60
Agreeableness/emotion/five-factor model/personality psychology/psychological theories: Agreeableness is usually defined as a behavioural disposition that contrasts a prosocial, communal orientation towards others with an antagonistic attitude. However, some of the best markers of agreeableness refer to emotional dispositions towards other people (e.g., ‘affectionate’, ‘soft-hearted’ versus ‘cold’; John and Srivastava 1999)(1); and empirically, agreeableness has been found to correlate negatively with trait anger (agreeable people are less anger-prone; e.g., Kuppens 2005)(2) and positively with the tendency to experience empathic emotions (i.e., emotional reactions to the fate of others; Del Barrio, Aluja and García 2004)(3). In addition, agreeable persons seem to try harder than non-agreeable persons to control the expression of negative emotions (Geisler, Wiedig-Allison and Weber in press; Tobin, Graziano, Vanman and Tassinary 2000)(4). Cf. >Extraversion, >openness to experience, >Conscientiousness, >Introversion, >Five-Factor Model.
1.John, O. P. and Srivastava, S. 1999. The Big Five trait taxonomy: history, measurement, and theoretical perspectives, in L. A. Pervin and O. P. John (eds.), Handbook of personality: theory and research, 2nd edn, pp. 102–38. New York: Guilford Press
2. Kuppens, P. 2005. Interpersonal determinants of trait anger: low agreeableness, perceived low social esteem, and the amplifying role of the importance attached to social relationships, Personality and Individual Differences 38: 13–23
3. Del Barrio, V., Aluja, A. and García, L. F. 2004. Relationship between empathy and the Big Five of personality traits in a sample of Spanish adolescents, Social Behaviour and Personality 32: 677–82
4. Tobin, R. M., Graziano, W. G., Vanman, E. J. and Tassinary, L. G. 2000. Personality, emotional experience, and efforts to control emotions, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 79: 656–69
Rainer Reisenzein & Hannelore Weber, “Personality and emotion”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009