|Disposition, philosophy: the tendency for a certain behavior that is not yet occurred at the present time. Problem Statements containing dispositional terms, cannot be determined in their truth value, as the relevant event has not yet occurred. In classic logic can even be concluded that a sentence containing a dispositional term will be trivially true as long as the relevant circumstances are not realized. See also dispositional terms, counterfactual conditionals, law statements._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Corr I 59
Dispositions/emotion system/emotions/psychological theories/Reisenzein: In sum, emotional propensities seem to be structured in the form of two largely independent (or slightly negatively correlated) hierarchies of correlated dispositions, one for pleasant pleasant and the other for unpleasant emotions. This structure is compatible with appraisal theory. Cf. Diener, Smith and Fujita 1995(1); Schimmack, Oishi and Diener 2002(2)). See also >emotion system/psychological theories, >emotions/Reisenzein, >Five-Factor Model/psychological theories.
1. Diener, E., Smith, H. and Fujita, F. 1995. The personality structure of affect, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 69: 130–41
2. Schimmack, U, Oishi, S. and Diener, E. 2002. Cultural influences on the relation between pleasant emotions and unpleasant emotions: Asian dialectic philosophies or individualism-collectivism?, Cognition and Emotion 16: 705–19
Rainer Reisenzein & Hannelore Weber, “Personality and emotion”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009