Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Corr I 49
Interaction/Situation/Psychology/Kenny/Asendorpf: One particularly relevant source of person-situation interaction has been surprisingly often ignored in discussions of cross-situational consistency within personality psychology: variation of dyadic social interaction in terms of who the interaction partners. (…) Many of our daily situations are dyadic interactions. In this case, person-situation interactions are by and large person-person interactions because the interaction partner largely defines the situation. Because persons cannot interact with themselves and because persons and situations are not statistically independent factors.
See >situations/psychological theories, >personality traits/psychological theories.
Kenny and colleagues developed the social relations model (SRM) that distinguishes actor effects, target effects and relationship effects In SRM, the actor parameter corresponds to the trait of ((s) e.g.) aggressiveness: to what extent do I react aggressively to others? The target parameter (sometimes also called partner parameter) is a different trait, often ignored in studies of aggression: to what extent do I make others aggressive? Actor and target parameters can correlate positively or negatively.
SRM analyses are increasingly used in person perception, dyadic relationship and family research (e.g., Cook 2000(1); Kenny, Mohr and Levesque 2001)(2).


1. Cook, W. L. 2000. Understanding attachment security in family context, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 78: 285–94
2. Kenny, D. A., Mohr, C. D. and Levesque, M. J. 2001. A social relations variance partitioning of dyadic behaviour, Psychological Bulletin 127: 128–41


Jens B. Asendorpf, “Personality: Traits and situations”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Kenn I
A. Kenny
A New History of Western Philosophy

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-07-21
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