|Corr I 48
Interactionism/psychology/Asendorpf: In the early days of the so-called interactionism in personality research, researchers tried to identify generalizable estimates of the proportion of variance that can be attributed to persons, situations and person by situation interaction (e.g., Endler and Hunt 1966)(1). Such attempts are in vain because empirical studies which controlled measurement error by aggregating behaviour over time or across similar situations have found that the size of person-situation interaction varies greatly between different traits. For example, Diener and Larsen (1984)(2) found that the interaction component was virtually zero for subjective wellbeing but maximum (equivalent to zero cross-situational consistency) for sociability at work versus in recreational situations.
Furthermore, the size of the interaction also varies greatly according to the similarity of the selected situations: the more similar the situations, the smaller the interaction components. >Interaction/Kenny.
1. Endler, N. S. and Hunt, J. McV. 1966. Sources of behavioural variance as measured by the S-R inventory of anxiousness, Psychological Bulletin 65: 336–46
2. Diener, E. and Larsen, R. J. 1984. Temporal stability and cross-situational consistency of affective, behavioural, and cognitive responses, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 47: 871–83
Jens B. Asendorpf, “Personality: Traits and situations”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Asendorpf, Jens B.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009