|Disposition, philosophy: the tendency for a certain behavior that is not yet occurred at the present time. Problem Statements containing dispositional terms, cannot be determined in their truth value, as the relevant event has not yet occurred. In classic logic can even be concluded that a sentence containing a dispositional term will be trivially true as long as the relevant circumstances are not realized. See also dispositional terms, counterfactual conditionals, law statements._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Dispositions/Asendorpf: Temporally stable tendencies of behaviour are called dispositions in psychology but also other sciences such as medicine, biology and physics. Dispositions that characterize the personality of an individual are called personality dispositions, or personality traits (Allport 1937(1); Funder 1991(2)). >Personality Traits, >Personality Types, >Situations/Psychological Theories.
1. Allport, G. W. 1937. Personality: a psychological interpretation. New York: Holt
2. Funder, D. C. 1991. Global traits: a neo-Allportian approach to personality, Psychological Science 2: 31–9
Jens B. Asendorpf, “Personality: Traits and situations”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Asendorpf, Jens B.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009