|Corr I 391
Forces/psychological theories/Saucier: Psychodynamic theories (of Freud, Jung, Adler, and others) posit a distinction between unconscious (or automatic) and conscious (or controlled) processing, and identifying certain energetically powerful motivational forces operating from the unconscious (automatic) side. They posit multiple internal forces or tendencies that may conflict (and thus need harmonizing) with one another, which may give rise to mechanisms (e.g., ego, defences, an individuation process) that in effect respond to the conflicts and the anxiety they generate. Of course, psychodynamic theories are ideationally rich but have proven difficult to empirically confirm (or falsify). ((s) For the philosophical discussion on forces see >Forces/Armstrong, >Forces/Cartwright, >Forces/Bigelow, >Forces/Dennett, >Energy/Feynman, >Causal explanation.)
Gerard Saucier, „Semantic and linguistic aspects of personality“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009