Dictionary of Arguments

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Brocker I 809
State/Fukuyama: From a historical perspective, the liberal state is the form of state that best balances these competing claims because it is based on the principle of recognition. This liberal state is to be thought of as a universal state in which all people are recognized, and it is to be thought of as a homogenous state in which social differences are largely levelled. The possibility of a universal historical process ("end of history") ends with its extensive implementation. See History/Fukuyama, Universal History/Fukuyama.
In liberal democracy, where the struggle for recognition is largely realized, there are few social differences. Human development
Brocker I 810
is finished. The type of human being that has emerged is the last of its kind ("Last Man"/Fukuyama).
Problem: this state has new problems, e.g. boredom (Fukuyama uses Nietzsche here). People rebel against being undifferentiated members of a universal and homogeneous state. The mutual recognition of people leads to a value relativism that leads to the dissolution of a firm attachment to tradition, authority and community-building values.
According to Fukuyama, liberal democracy is not satisfactory in itself because it cannot create a sense of community. (See Recognition/Fukuyama).


Anja Jetschke, „Francis Fukuyama, Das Ende der Geschichte“, in: Manfred Brocker (Ed.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

PolFuku I
Francis Fukuyama
The End of History and the Last Man New York 1992

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-04-25
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