Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
Brocker I 781
Freedom/Liberalism/Liberality/Constitution/Böckenförde: In the 1970s, Böckenförde turned against the so-called "radical decree" of the German state, which had civil servants and aspiring civil servants examined for their attitude. In the process, people's attitudes to content were checked to see whether they were consistent with the contents of the constitution. One of the reasons for the review was membership of an organization that was described as unconstitutional but not prohibited.
Problem/Böckenförde: this crossed a threshold that led from the rule of the laws to a rule of mind. This contradicted Montesquieu's understanding of freedom:
Def Freedom/Montesquieu: the right to "do everything the law allows". (quoted in (1)).
Freedom/State/Böckenförde: in a liberal state, however, it is precisely education for forming one's own judgement that really counts, which is why loyalty to the basic principles of the liberal constitutional state must be demanded of the teaching staff, but not standardized loyalty. (2) Otherwise, the state runs the risk of losing its liberality.



1. Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde, Staat – Verfassung – Demokratie. Studien zur Verfassungstheorie und zum Verfassungsrecht, Frankfurt/M. 1992 (zuerst 1991), p. 279
2. Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde, Der Staat als sittlicher Staat, Berlin 1978, p. 257

Tine Stein, „Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde, Staat – Verfassung- Demokratie“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Böckenf I
Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde
State, Society and Liberty: Studies in Political Theory and Constitutional Law, London 1991
German Edition:
Staat, Gesellschaft, Freiheit. Studien zur Staatstheorie und zum Verfassungsrecht Frankfurt 1976

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-08-18
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