|Brocker I 730
Collective Action/Ostrom: Ostrom starts from the individual and the individual benefit calculations in order to make the results of self-organisation explainable. She uses the approach of Oliver Williamson and his New Institutional Economics(1) See Institutions/Williamson.
Williamson: Thesis: the behavioral assumptions of limited rationality and the mutual expectation of opportunistic behavior of the individual shape the decision-making situation ((s) context: in the prisoner's dilemma, the theory assumes that rational participants decide against cooperation).
Ostrom: In addition, Ostrom also takes into account the importance of context, time horizon and behavioural norms for individual decisions as a group's social capital.
N.B.: in combination of these aspects, the assumption of rational behaviour can be maintained and will nevertheless lead to actors not being able to make decisions independently but in a coordinated manner. (2) See Self-organization/Ostrom.
Brocker I 737
Core elements of an analysis of collective actions are for Ostrom: institutional analysis, multi-level consideration and rational election actions. See Social Goods/Ostrom, Self-organisation/Ostrom.
1. Oliver E. Williamson, Die ökonomischen Institutionen des Kapitalismus. Unternehmen, Märkte, Kooperationen, Tübingen 1990
2. Vgl. Elinor Ostrom, Governing the Commons. The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action, Cambridge 1990. Dt.: Elinor Ostrom, Die Verfassung der Allmende. Jenseits von Staat und Merkt, Tübingen 1999.
Markus Hanisch, „Elinor Ostrom Die Verfassung der Allmende“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action Cambridge 1990
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018