|Brocker I 382
Colonialism/violence/Fanon: Fanon describes colonialism as a violent relationship.
Brocker I 383
Fanon describes colonial societies as Manichaean, divided societies - apartheid (1) serves as his clearest example. The division is based on racism: assumptions of the constitutive difference between whites and non-whites, the categorical devaluation of the colonized, their stylization as amoral, their equation with evil and in extreme cases their dehumanization (2). The aim of colonial Manichaeism is material exploitation.
Races/Class/Fanon: Thesis: in colonialism races and classes collapse. "The ruling species is first and foremost that which comes from elsewhere, which does not resemble the autochthons" (3).
Brocker I 384
Decolonization: ends the division by "uniting the parts on the basis of the nation, sometimes the race" (4), but the goal of decolonization must not be the obvious one, that the colonized take the place of the colonial masters, which is understandable due to the subjectivization of the colonized by colonization.
To distinguish from this desire a program of decolonization, is a "program of absolute upheaval," (5) the "creation of new people," and the "complete questioning of the colonial situation. (6) These are the characteristics of ((s) correctly understood) decolonization.
The supporting class of decolonization for Fanon is the peasantry.
1. Frantz Fanon, Les damnés de la terre, Paris 1961. Dt.: Frantz Fanon, Die Verdammten dieser Erde, Frankfurt/M. 1981, S. 31
2. Ibid. p. 34f.
3. Ibid. p. 33.
4. Ibid. p. 38.
5. Ibid. p. 29
6. Ibid. p. 30.
Ina Kerner „Frantz Fanon, Die Verdammten dieser Erde“, in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018
mnés de la terre, Paris 1961. Dt.: Frantz Fanon, Die Verdammten dieser Erde, Frankfurt/M. 1981, S. 31._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Les Damnés de la Terre, Paris 1963 - Engl Transl. The Wretched of the Earth, New York 1963
Die Verdammten dieser Erde Reinbek 1969
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018