|Höffe I 115
War/Augustine/Höffe: According to Augustine, if there is an unjust state of peace, a war directed against it is justified(1). Here he introduces the topos of the just war (iustum bellum) into Christian thinking and, following Cicero, sets out three criteria for it that are still worthy of discussion today: A war is only then just if it is ordered by a legitimate authority, if it is waged for a legitimate reason (ius ad bellum) and finally if it is waged out of the right attitude, in which criteria for a just conduct in war (ius in bello) are implied.
"Love of violence, vengeful cruelty, wild and irreconcilable enmity" are forbidden (2); the goal of war must always be a (just) peace.
1. Augustine, The State of God, De civitate dei XIX,7 and 12.
2. Contra Faustum 22, 74
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Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016