Thomas Aquinas on War - Dictionary of Arguments
Höffe I 149
War/Thomas/Höffe: Thomas pro Cicero: Cicero [introduces]
Höffe I 150
the idea of a just war, which Augustine incorporates into Christian thought and which Thomas Aquinas also acknowledges(1).
1. The war may not be run by private persons, but only on the basis of the authority of a "public" person, the prince (auctoritas principis).
2. There must be a just cause (causa iusta), namely, that the enemy deserves war because he does not punish the evil deeds of his citizens or does not restitute what he has wrongfully acquired.
3. (...) the war must be waged with the right intention (intentio recta), either to promote good, especially peace (on peace(2)) or to put the bad/evil in check (vel ut bonum promoveatur, vel ut malum videtur).
1. Summa IIa Ilae qu. 40
2. Ebenda qu. 29: De pace_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016