|Realism, philosophy: realism is a collective term for theories which, in principle, believe that it is possible for us to acquire knowledge about objects of the external world that is independent from us as perceptual subjects. A strong realism typically represents the thesis that it would make sense to even create hypotheses about basically unknowable objects. See also metaphysical realism, internal realism, universal realism, constructivism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Brocker I 291
Realism/Politics/Foreign Policy/International Relations/Morgenthau: In his 1948 paper (1) Morgenthau wanted to grasp reality in basic terms: his theory is based on a small number of central elements that always shape the social arena: Power, equilibria and counterbalances of power, its ideological disguise, rules, normative institutions. In the long term, says Morgenthau, human behavior will still be shaped by impulses and patterns that have developed and consolidated over a hundred thousand years. In his own time, Morgenthau was no longer able to recognize genuinely new forms.
In later editions of his book, the author takes into account the emerging process of decolonization and European integration.
1. Hans J. Morgenthau, Politics Among Nations. The Struggle for Power and Peace, New York 1948. Dt.: Hans J. Morgenthau, Macht und Frieden. Grundlegung einer Theorie der internationalen Politik, Gütersloh 1963.
Christoph Frei, „Hans J. Morgenthau, Macht und Frieden (1948)“ in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Pol Morg I
Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace, New York 1948
Macht und Frieden. Grundlegung einer Theorie der internationalen Politik Gütersloh 1963
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018