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Plato on Governance - Dictionary of Arguments

Höffe I 30
Rule/Governance/Justice/Plato/Höffe:
According to Plato, a community needs fair institutions.
Politia thesis: But since he considers just rulers to be more important, he makes the (...) statement exactly in the middle of the Politeia (...): "Unless either the philosophers become kings in the states or the now so-called kings and violent people philosophize truly and thoroughly, and thus this both coincide, the power of the state and philosophy, there is no end to the disaster for the states and also not for the human race".(1)
Höffe: Plato's rule of philosophy does not consist in what is today called expertocracy, in the rule of specialized experts. For Platonic philosophers are not only familiar with the basic conditions of a good and just community. They are also prepared to bring these basic conditions into reality without any private interest.
Höffe I 31
Isomorphism: Because of the (...) isomorphism (>Justice/Plato) of individual and community, the idea of the philosopher's rule is repeated on the personal level: "The most excellent, most just and at the same time most blissful person is the one who is most royal-minded and controls himself royally".(2) >Estates of the realm/Plato.


1. V 473c-d
2. IX 580b-c


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Höffe I
Otfried Höffe
Geschichte des politischen Denkens München 2016


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-07-30
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