José Ortega y Gasset on Public Sphere - Dictionary of Arguments
Brocker I 195
Public Sphere/Ortega y Gasset: respective dimensions of public life concern all collective customs (the so-called "usos", which are so fundamental for Ortega's concept of culture!) of social being.
The process of "Making Mass" (See Mass/Ortega) brings about an astonishing increase in the quality of life, which has led to the fact that life options and possibilities for action, which in earlier times were reserved exclusively for a few people, are now open to many (if not all people). There is talk of a "general rise in the historical water level" (1) and a "rise in the entire historical level" (2), which is a "time of
Brocker I 196
compensation" (3), through which the assets allegedly balance each other out.
Brocker I 199
Mass Human/Ortega: the mass human knows no connection to rules of politeness or truthfulness. Respect, regard or even admiration for the excellent actions and achievements of certain people are completely foreign to him. According to Ortega, the actions of the modern state promote
Brocker I 200
such a standard-free mass behaviour. The security machinery of the state abolishes all spontaneity and creativity in social action. It bureaucratizes all social spheres and reservations. A society that had created the state as a tool to live better must see how the state takes itself above it and it must begin to live for the state. (4)
1. José Ortega y Gasset, La Rebelión de las Masas (con un prólogo para franceses, un epílogo para ingleses y un apéndice: Dinámica del tiempo), Madrid 1937 (zuerst 1929). Dt.: José Ortega y Gasset, Der Aufstand der Massen, Reinbek 1956, S. 17
2.Ebenda S. 19
3.Ebenda S. 18.
4. Vgl. Ebenda S. 140
Thomas Gil, „Ortega y Gasset, Der Aufstand der Massen (1929)“ In: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Ortega y Gasset, José
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018