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Carl Schmitt on Bolsheviks - Dictionary of Arguments

Brocker I 170
Fascism/Bolshevism/Schmitt: Schmitt regarded these movements as complex movements in which motives and energies of Marxism, anarchism and nationalism became effective in different ways, and he imputed to them an irrationalist "philosophy of concrete life" (1), which Sorel had captured in a prototype. Schmitt thus moved away from the self-image of the movements and developed his own strong and speculative interpretation. His view of "Moscow" was influenced by a typical contemporary Slavophilia (after Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky).
Schmitt quoted Sorel and Mussolini for his assessment that "the energy of the national is greater than that of the class struggle myth" (2). In the end, he played Mussolini off against liberal parliamentarianism like Bolshevism.


1. Carl Schmitt, Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus, in: Bonner Festgabe für Ernst Zitelmann zum fünfzigjährigen Doktorjubiläum, München/Leipzig 1923, 413-473. Separatveröffentlichung in der Reihe: Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen und Reden zur Philosophie, Politik und Geistesgeschichte, Bd. 1, München/Leipzig 1923. Zweite, erweiterte Auflage 1926, S. 76.
2.Ebenda S. 88.

Reinhard Mehring, Carl Schmitt, Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus (1923), in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Schmitt I
Carl Schmitt
Der Hüter der Verfassung Tübingen 1931

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2021-06-20
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