Dictionary of Arguments

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Brocker I 166
Marxism/Schmitt: The third chapter of his paper on parliamentarianism (1), "The Dictatorship in Marxist Thought" gives a freehand, ingenious sketch of the Marxist transcription of Hegel's philosophy of history. The French Revolution, together with the Jacobins and Napoleon, led the way to the
Brocker I 167
dictatorship; Hegel understood Napoleon as a "world-historical hero"; Marx then gave socialism the historical-philosophical ordinations of Hegelianism: "The scientific nature of Marxist socialism is thus based on the principle of Hegelian philosophy of history" (1).
The philosopher of history declared himself an avant-garde and a "vanguard of the world spirit" (2): Marx replaced the world-historical hero with the "class" and raised the bourgeois to a "world-historical figure" (3). Schmitt emphasizes that Marx could only determine the "future society" (4) negatively as the end of capitalism.


1. Carl Schmitt, Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus, in: Bonner Festgabe für Ernst Zitelmann zum fünfzigjährigen Doktorjubiläum, München/Leipzig 1923, 413-473. Separatveröffentlichung in der Reihe: Wissenschaftliche Abhandlungen und Reden zur Philosophie, Politik und Geistesgeschichte, Bd. 1, München/Leipzig 1923. Zweite, erweiterte Auflage 1926 S. 68
2. Ebenda S.70
3. Ebenda S. 73.
4. Ebenda S. 74


Reinhard Mehring, Carl Schmitt, Die geistesgeschichtliche Lage des heutigen Parlamentarismus (1923), in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Schmitt I
Carl Schmitt
Der Hüter der Verfassung Tübingen 1931

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-03-26
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