Dictionary of Arguments

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Method: a method is a procedure agreed on by participants of a discussion or research project. In the case of violations of a method, the comparability of the results is in particular questioned, since these no longer come from a set with uniformly defined properties of the elements.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Brocker I 121
Method/Political Theory/Spengler: Spengler describes his philosophy of politics as "physiognomy", which he contrasts with the strictly scientific, causal and rationally arguing "systematics" (1) as equally important, just as he complements the principle of "causality" with an "idea of fate" (2), he completes the "law" with "form" (3). For only those who, according to Spengler, have a "physiognomic rhythm" (4) - a special form of historical empathy - are able to gain knowledge through the application of intuition. ((s) Here Spengler is again influenced by Nietzsche. See also H. Pfotenhauer, Kunst als Physiognomie. Nietzsches Ästhetische Theorie und literarische Produkti on, Stuttgart 1985.
Political Philosophy/Spengler: See Politics/Spengler.



1. Oswald Spengler, Der Untergang des Abendlandes. Umrisse einer Morphologie der Weltgeschichte, Bd. 1: Gestalt und Wirklichkeit, Wien/Leipzig 1918; umgestaltete Aufl. München 1923; Bd. 2: Welthistorische Perspektiven, München 1922. Oswald Spengler, Der Untergang des Abendlandes. Umrisse einer Morphologie der Weltgeschichte. Vollständige Ausgabe in einem Band, München 1963.S. 125
2. Ebenda S. 152
3. Ebenda S. 130
4. Ebenda S. 152.


Hans-Christof Klaus, Oswald Spengler, Der Untergang des Abendlandes (1918/1922) in: Manfred Brocker (Hg.) Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Spengler I
Oswald Spengler
Politische Schriften München 1932

Brocker I
Manfred Brocker
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-05-21
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