Rosa Luxemburg on Lenin - Dictionary of Arguments
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Organisation/Politics/LuxemburgVsLenin/Luxembourg: In her article "Organisationsfragen der russischen Sozialdemokratie" published in Iskra in 1904 and reprinted by the Neue Zeit - the organ of German social democracy - Rosa Luxemburg accused Lenin of "ruthless" and "military ultra-centralism". "The blind subordination of all
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party organisations [...] under a central power that thinks, creates and decides for everyone alone" and "the separation of the organized core of the party from the revolutionary milieu surrounding it" equated Luxembourg with the methods of the blanquist conspiracy circles. The activity of the party organization and the growth of proletarian consciousness cannot be separated (Luxembourg 1983, 429). (1)
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Rosa Luxemburg, incidentally, continued her early criticism of Lenin's conception of the new type of party, which had to destroy any effective control of the masses over the leadership organs and thus any real democracy in the party and in society, in her critical assessment of the October Revolution. The despotic forms of exercising power and the liquidation of all democratic freedoms led them to the later famous phrase: "Freedom only for the followers of the government, only for members of one party [...] is not freedom. Freedom is always only freedom of the differently thinking" (Luxembourg 1948, 53) (2).
1.Rosa Luxemburg, »Organisationsfragen der russischen Sozialdemokratie«, in: dies., Gesammelte Werke 1893 bis 1905, Bd 1, Halbbd 2, Berlin 1983, 422-444.
2.Rosa Luxemburg, Die russische Revolution. Eine kritische Würdigung, Hamburg 1948.
Jutta Scherrer, Wladimir Iljitsch Lenin, Was tun?, (1902) in Brocker, Manfred, Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M. 2018._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Die russische Revolution. Eine kritische Würdigung Hamburg 1948
Geschichte des politischen Denkens. Das 20. Jahrhundert Frankfurt/M. 2018