Cultural industry/Horkheimer/Adorno/Habermas: according to Horkheimer and Adorno's ideas, communication flows controlled by the mass media take the place of those communication structures that once made public discussion and self-understanding of an audience of citizens and private individuals possible. The mass media represent an apparatus that completely penetrates and masters everyday communicative language. On the one hand, it transforms the authentic contents of modern culture into the stereotyped and ideologically effective stereotypes of a mass culture that merely doubles the existing; on the other hand, it consumes the culture purified from all subversive and transcendental moments for a comprehensive system of social control imposed on individuals that partly reinforces, partly replaces the weakened internal controls of behavior. The functioning of the cultural industry should be mirrored in the functioning of the psychic apparatus, which, as long as the internalization of paternal authority was still functioning, had subjected the driving nature to the control of the superego as technology had subjected the external nature of its domination._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981